Local production of M113A2

Under an agreement signed early in 1989, Pakistan was to build 775 United Defense LP Corporation M113A2 APCs over a four and a half year period. The first 20 vehicles were assembled in Pakistan, with the complete hulls provided by United Defense LP's San Jose facility. From vehicle number 21, the hull was supplied in kit form, with welding taking place at a new facility in Pakistan from late 1990. United Defense LP shipped the last of 775 M113A2 kits in mid-1995 with 18 vehicles being completed per month. United Defense is expected to be awarded a follow-on contract for an additional 500 vehicles bringing the total to 1,275.

The Pakistani Army already operates a fleet of about 900 earlier M113 series APCs including 24 Improved TOW vehicles. The first M113s were supplied in 1963-64 in two batches, one of 73 and one of 36 vehicles. In the late 1970s, two batches of the diesel-powered M113A1 were supplied, with the first batch comprising 300 vehicles and the second 230. Since then additional orders have been placed. Some vehicles have been fitted with the Swedish Bofors RBS 70 surface-to-air missile system which is carried internally and raised into the operating position when required for action. Early in 1990 it was revealed that a new locally built air defence version of the M113 was in service with the Pakistani Army. Mounted on top of the hull is a pedestal armed with four locally built Chinese HN-5 (which in turn is based on the Russian SA-7) series surface-to-air missiles and two 14.5 mm KPV machine guns that can all be elevated together.

Pakistan Ordnance Factories have also developed a twin 106 mm recoilless rifle mount which, for trials purposes, has been fitted onto an M113A1 APC of the Pakistani Army. The system also integrates a laser rangefinder into the existing sight of the 106 mm recoilless rifle to replace the elbow telescope. This allows the range to be displayed for the gunner in the sighting optic, which means that he can apply the superelevation and fire without having to look at another instrument. The effective range of the recoilless rifles is 1,500 m. The locally produced vehicle is called the M113A2 Mk-1 in Pakistan Army service and is almost identical to the US M113 except that the 12.7 mm M2 machine gun has been replaced by a 12.7 mm Type 59 machine gun manufactured by Pakistan Ordnance factories. An anti-tank version of the M113A2 Mk-1 has recently been introduced into service and this is fitted with the locally designed Baktar Shikan anti-tank guided weapon which is very similar to the Chinese Red Arrow 8 system which entered production in 1987.

Local production of Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicles

In early 1991, the Pakistan government ordered a single Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle (AIFV) from United Defense LP for extensive trials.

The first Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle was shipped to Pakistan in kit form consisting of the hull and other essential parts. The initial Pakistani AIFV hull was originally sold to the Canadian government in 1975 and had been in storage at a Canadian test area since then.

Due to the urgency of the Pakistani request, United Defense LP negotiated to repurchase the vehicle from Canada and modified the hull to the current Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle configuration before shipment to Pakistan.

Status

M113/M113A1 in service with Pakistani Army. M113A2 in production and in service with Pakistani Army.

COMPANY NAME : Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT), Armoured Personnel Carrier Factory


M113A1 APC with a twin 106 mm recoilless rifle mount developed by
Pakistan Ordnance factories


M113 APC with an RBS 70 surface-to-air missile system in the raised
position


M113A2 Mk-1 armoured personnel carrier manufactured in Pakistan and
showing roof-mounted 12.7 mm machine gun