LY-60 Surface-to-Air Missile

In October 1994 China revealed its new medium-low-altitude surface-to-air missile system, the LY-60 (Lie Ying = Falcon). The LY-60 was derived from Italian 'Aspide' missile, which itself was derived from U.S. AIM-7E 'Sparrow'. Along with the LY-60 a medium-range air-to-air version has also been developed under the designation PL-10. The application of the same missile to both air-to-air and ship-to-air applications emulates the American's practice with the 'Sparrow', which started life as an air-to-air missile with subsequent shipboard deployments.

The LY-60 missile has both land- and ship-based versions. The system is mainly intended for the interception of aircraft and missiles flying in medium-low-altitude. The missile is guided by the command control system with artificial interference capability. It is the only medium-low-altitude air defence missile in the world that uses microprocessor intelligent module technology. The LY-60's search radar (I/J-band) can simultaneously track up to 40 targets, and the tracking radar is able to simultaneously track 12 targets, and engage three targets at once. The use of the moving target tracking processing system and frequency agility technology also gives the system good anti-jamming capability.

The ship-based naval version of the LY-60 has already been tested on a Jiangwei-I class frigate. Compared with the HQ-61 SAM currently used by the Jiangwei-I class, the LY-60 has a greater range and better performance. It is assumed that the LY-60 naval version might have foldable wings so that it can be launched from the vertical launcher system (VLS), which is currently under development for the new generation surface combatants.

In comparison, the land-based version of the LY-60 features a 4-cell launcher, each cell containing one missile, and the missile's wing is not foldable.

SPECIFICATIONS: Body length: 3.89 m
Body diameter: 0.208 m
Wingspan: 0.680 m
Body weight: 220 kg
Propulsion: Single stage solid rocket
Operating altitude: 0.03 ~ 12 Km
Operating range: 1 ~ 18 km
Speed: Mach 3