The Euromissile MILAN (Missile d'Infanterie Leger Antichar) is a second-generation tube-launched spin-stabilised Anti-Tank Guided Weapon (ATGW) which is capable of being launched from either ground or vehicle mounts. The weapon is fitted with a 103 mm calibre High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead and Semi-Automatic Command to Line Of Sight (SACLOS) guidance that uses a 2 Ám wavelength Infrared (IR) tracking system. All the gunner has to do to ensure a hit is to keep the cross-hairs of his optical or thermal imaging sight on the target. In 1984 the MILAN 2 version entered service with the French, German and British armies. This uses an improved 115 mm calibre HEAT warhead with a 280 mm long standoff nose probe to optimise its anti-armour capabilities against the new armour. For night use there is the 8.5 kg MIRA 8 to 13 Ám wavelength thermal imaging sight with a 4,000 m detection range. This is also used by France, Germany and the UK. Bharat Dynamics Limited, which also builds the MILAN 2 under licence, has developed with Euromissile the Flame-V and Flame-G adaptor kits (qv entry this section under India) to allow the MILAN 2 to be fired from the 9P135 series firing posts of the Russian Federation and Associated States (CIS) 9K113 Konkurs missile system. In 1993 the MILAN 2T variant became available. This uses the improved 117 mm calibre warhead of MILAN 2 with a 30 mm diameter HE precursor charge mounted in a nose probe that extends upon launch. The warhead is designed specifically to defeat Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA).

MILAN has a limited anti-helicopter capability against hovering, low-level head-on and slowly crossing targets. A maximum height of 380 m is reached at 1,800 m range. To take the system off a vehicle for ground post use takes only about 20 seconds. By 1997 over 10,000 MILAN firing posts and more than 332,000 missiles had been ordered by 41 countries. The MILAN 3 weapon system entered service with the French Army in 1995. The MILAN 3 comprises a firing post equipped with a new-generation localiser to reduce immunity to jamming systems. The MIRA thermal sight remains fully compatible to provide both a day and night firing capability. The MILAN 3 round is equipped with the tandem warhead and a lamp flashing unit to aid in guidance. The tracking system relies on a Charge Coupled Device (CCD) taking two pictures of the landscape on a sequential basis. The first is timed before the missile lamp flashes and the second at the instant of the lamp flash. The lamp flash synchronisation is undertaken before the weapon is fired. The two `pictures' are memorised and processed in a microcomputer which subtracts one image from the other. Only the missile lamp flash remains in the memory as all other IR sources are suppressed, thus guidance commands can be created from the missile movements and not any decoys, for example. The modular nature of MILAN also allows for a further version of the MILAN 3, known as the MILAN 3K. This is fitted with the jamming-resistant flash lamp system but not with the tandem warhead.


Type: wire-guided SACLOS
(MILAN 1) 0.769 m
(MILAN 2) 0.918 m
(MILAN 2T) 1.138 m (extended nose)
Diameter: 0.125 m (wings folded)
Wing span: 0.265 m
Launch weight:
(MILAN 1/2) 6.7 kg
(MILAN 2T) 7.1 kg
(MILAN 1) 2.7 kg (1.3 kg HE) HEAT
(MILAN 2) 2.7 kg (1.8 kg HE) HEAT
(MILAN 2T/MILAN 3) 3.1 kg (1.83 kg HE)
Weight of complete round:
(MILAN 2) 11.5 kg
(MILAN 2T/3) 11.9 kg
Length of complete round: 1.20 m
(MILAN1/2) 25-2,000 m
(MILAN 2T/MILAN 3) 25-1,920 m
Armour penetration:
(MILAN 1) 600 mm
(MILAN 2) 880 mm
(MILAN 2T/MILAN 3) 1,000 mm (including a layer of ERA)
Speed: 210 m/s


MILAN 1 production complete. MILAN 2 and MILAN 3 in production. In service with Abu Dhabi, Australia, Belgium, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Gabon, Germany, Greece, India (licence-built), Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Italy (licence produced), Kenya, Lebanon, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Portugal, Qatar, Rwanda, Senegal, Singapore, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Uruguay, the UK (was licence-built by BAe Dynamics), the USA (trials batch) and one unidentified country.

APPLICATIONS : Armoured Vehicle Applications
Tracked M113-B-MIL (single-tube launcher - Belgian Army)
Tracked AMX-10P (one or two single-tube launchers - French Army)
Tracked Spartan (two-tube MCT turret - 75 with British Army)
Tracked Marder 1 ICV (single-tube launcher - most of the 670 Marder
A1 and 1,466 Marder 1A1 deployed with German Army)
4 x 4 VAB (single-tube launcher - French Army)
4 x 4 Panhard VBL (single-tube launcher - French and Mexican (8) armies)
4 x 4 EE-3 Jararaca (single-tube launcher - Cyprus National Guard).

COMPANY NAME : Enquiries to Euromissile.